Flora Identification

The region surrounding the city of Kars, in Northeastern Anatolia, benefits from a rich abundance of diverse flora. Since 2007, Anatolia Foundation led an effort to identify and catalog this  precious resource, organizing comparative plant studies with local and international botanists for study, inventory and data recording. Field trips were organized with experts and botanical students to environmentally sensitive areas near our project villages. Thousands of wild plants were gathered during these outings and 500 taxon were botanically identified, pressed and classified in a new research herbarium initiated by Anatolia Foundation in cooperation with the local Universitiy. The collection includes endemic species such as Onosma nigricaule, Anemona Albana,  Lathyrus karsianus, and Rosa pisiforme.The identification of these plants has added more than fifteen new plant families to Kars region's known botanical inventory.


Prof. Dr. Neriman Ozhatay, a foremost Turkish botanist and Head of Istanbul University Botanical Department led the study. Dr. Fatma Gunes from the local Kafkas University coordinated the field trips with her Graduate students. Dr. Vinod Kumar, an Ayurvedic Doctor from Kerala, India, was invited to join the study, to add his expert knowledge for developing self-help products for local people with local plants.


SAMPLES OF PLANTS
IDENTIFIED BY THE ANATOLIA FOUNDATION TEAM

Anemona albana

Aconitum nasutum

Fritillaria michailovskyi

Campanula aucheri

Stachys macrantha Iris sibirica

Anemona narsisifolia

Chaltha polypetala Lathyrus tuberosus

 

LIST OF PLANTS IDENTIFIED DURING THE STUDY

CARYOPHYLLACEAE

Arenaria blepharophylla var. parviflora
Cerastium dichotomum
ssp. dichotomum
Cerastium pungens

Cerastium purpurescens

Dianthus carmelitarum

Dianthus calocephalus

Dianthus cretaceus

Dianthus crinitus

Dianthus orientalis

Dianthus zonatus
Dianthus zonatus
var. aristatus
Dianthus zonatus
var zonatus

Gysophila elegans

Gysophila silenoides

Lepyrodiclis halosteoides

Minuartia umbellifera
var.
umbellifera
Minuartia verna

Moenchia mantica
ssp. mantica

Silene alba
Silene alba
ssp. eriocalycina
Silene dichotoma
Silene dichotoma
ssp. sibthorpiana
Silene saxatilis

Silene spergulifolia
Silene vulgaris
var. vulgaris

CRUCIFERAE
Aethionema arabicum
Alyssum minus
var. minus
Alyssum repens var. trichostachyum

Alyssum tortuosum
Barbarea ninor
var. minor
Barbarea vulgaris

Camelina rumelica

Capsella bursa-pastoris

Cardaria draba

Crambe orientalis

Cardamine uliginosa

Draba nemorosa

Descurainia sophia

Erysimum passgalanse
Hesperis bicuspidata
Hesperis persica

Isatis glauca

Lepidium perfoliatum

Lepidium vesicarium

Nasturtium officinale

Sinapis arvensis
Sisymbrium loeselli
Thlaspi arvense
Turritus glabra


.

COMPOSITAE

Achillea biebersteinii
Achillea millefolium
subsp. millefolium

Anthemis cotula

Anthemis cretica
Anthemis tinctoria
var. pallida
Artemisia absinthium

Artemisia chamaemellifolia
Aster amellus
subsp. ibericus
Centaurea cheiranthifolia
var. cheiranthifolia

Centaurea depressa
Centaurea macrocephala
Centaurea pterocaula
Centaurea pulcherrima
var. pulcherrima
Centaurea rhizocalathium

Centaurea stevenii

Centaurea triumfettii
Cirsium arvense
subsp. vestitum
Erigeron caucasicus
susp. caucasicus

Hieracium umbellatum

Jurinea consanguinea
Leontodon hispidus
var. hispidus
Leucanthemum vulgare
Pulicaria dysenterica
Scorzonera suberosa
subsp.
suberosa
Serratula radiata
subsp. biebersteiniana

Sonchus palustris
Tanacetum balsamita
subsp. balsamitoides
Tanacetum chiliophyllum
var. chiliophyllum

Tanacetum punctatum
Taraxacum bessarabicum
subsp. bessarabicum
Taraxacum macrolepium

Tenacetum abrotanifolium

Tragopogon aureus
Tripleurospermum microcephalum

Tripleurospermum monticolum
Xeranthum annum

UMBELLIFERAE

Anthriscus sylvestris
Astrodaucus orientalis
Chaerophyllum astrantiae
Chaerophyllum bulbosum

Chamaesciadium acaule

Chaerophyllum crinitum

Heracleum trachyloma
Malabaila dasyantha
Pimpinella affinis
Scandix
iberica